Factor analysis suggesting contrasting determinants for different blood pressure measurements.
A multiple regression analysis was performed on statistically independent factors derived from blood pressure measurements and possible predictive variables in 618 Utah adults. Nine blood pressure factors obtained in a previous study composed the dependent variables; 35 anthropometric, questionnaire, and biochemical variables were reduced by factor analysis to 10 factors and used as independent variables. Body size and obesity had significant independent effects on different types of blood pressure: body size correlated most highly with systolic blood pressure, while obesity correlated most highly with sitting diastolic blood pressure measurements. Smoking did not correlate with sitting blood pressure but did show a significant positive correlation (after controlling for obesity) with tilt and supine diastolic pressure. Alcohol consumption correlated positively with sitting diastolic pressure when the effects of body size and obesity were controlled. No correlations were found between urinary potassium or sodium excretion and any blood pressure factors, but a significant positive correlation was seen between plasma sodium concentration and several different types of diastolic blood pressure measurements. Psychological stress showed a significant independent positive correlation with systolic blood pressure measurements that was strongest in adults over 35 years of age. The multiple correlation values for the multiple regression equations ranged from 0.19 to 0.52.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association