Innovative blood pressure measurements yield information not reflected by sitting measurements.
A study of 873 healthy adults and children from Utah kindreds was performed to identify redundant and unique information contained in multiple diverse blood pressure determinations. Systolic blood pressure, fourth-phase and fifth-phase diastolic blood pressures, and simultaneous heart rates were measured in subjects sitting, standing, supine, and tilting, during half-maximal handgrip exercise, and just before blood drawing. A correlation matrix of 57 blood pressure and pulse variables in 618 healthy adults was analyzed. Factor analysis of the correlation matrix showed that all systolic blood pressures loaded as a single factor, accounting for 44% of the total variance of the observed variables. All heart rates also loaded together as a single factor. Diastolic blood pressures showed much more heterogeneity of information distributed among five separate factors. The same basic factors were found in young adults (age, 18-35 years) and older adults (age, 36 + years). Children under 12 years of age showed very different factor patterns, and youths 12 to 17 years of age showed patterns intermediate between those of adults and children. In light of recent clinical trials, better definitions are being sought for hypertension. Information from blood pressures other than sitting determinations may improve the definition of hypertension or better predict which patients have the highest risk of hypertension and its cardiovascular complications.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association