Blood pressure, body fat, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate variation in adolescence.
Several significant interrelations among variation in blood pressure, body fat, and adrenal androgen levels, as assessed by serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations, were found in black male and female adolescents, aged 12 to 16 years. In girls, high levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate were associated with significantly higher levels of blood pressure (alpha = 0.05), even after adjusting for the significant association between increased levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and body fat. The increased body fat (i.e., body mass index) found with higher levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in girls was related to significantly greater (alpha = 0.05) accumulations of fat in the upper trunk, as opposed to the limb. In boys, high levels of serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, low body mass index, and significantly higher blood pressure were interrelated (alpha = 0.05). In addition to the interaction of increased body mass index or body fat and increased levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in association with higher blood pressure, high levels of the adrenal androgen, even in boys with low body mass index, were associated independently with relatively higher blood pressure. Body proportion analyses for these boys indicated that they were tall and thin, in contrast to the other boys with low body mass index, who were generally short and thin.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association