Endothelium-dependent contractions to acetylcholine in the aorta of the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
To study the mechanism of decreased endothelium-dependent relaxations in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), rings of thoracic aorta with and without endothelium were taken from age-matched male SHR and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and suspended for isometric tension recording. Acetylcholine caused endothelium-dependent contractions in quiescent rings from SHR but not in those from WKY. These contractions were inhibited by atropine but not by hexamethonium and were prevented by inhibitors of phospholipase A2 or cyclooxygenase but not by inhibitors of prostacyclin synthetase, thromboxane synthetase, or leukotriene synthetase. Prostaglandin D2, E1, E2, and F2 alpha caused concentration-dependent contractions in rings without endothelium from both SHR and WKY; the responses to the highest concentration (10(-5) M) of the individual prostaglandins were comparable in both strains. Endothelium-dependent relaxations evoked by high but not by low concentrations of acetylcholine were significantly depressed in SHR as compared with those in WKY (p less than 0.05). Indomethacin normalized endothelium-dependent relaxations in SHR. Thus, acetylcholine can activate muscarinic receptors that evoke endothelium-dependent contractions in the aorta of SHR but not in that of WKY. The contraction probably is mediated by a cyclooxygenase product(s) other than prostacyclin or thromboxane A2. The reduced endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine in the SHR probably are not due to a decreased release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor(s) but to the simultaneous release of endothelium-derived contracting substance(s).
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association