Alpha 1-adrenergic blockade and cardiovascular pressor responses in essential hypertension.
The effects of selective alpha 1-adrenergic blockade with terazosin on blood pressure and cardiovascular pressor responsiveness were assessed in 17 subjects with mild to moderate essential hypertension (mean age, 48 +/- 2 [SEM] years). As compared with a 2-week placebo period, 8 weeks of terazosin treatment (mean dose, 10.5 +/- 1.7 mg/day) caused a fall of supine (from 153/103 +/- 3/2 to 143/96 +/- 4/2 mm Hg; p less than 0.025) and upright (from 145/106 +/- 4/2 to 131/94 +/- 5/3 mm Hg; p less than 0.01) arterial pressure; a marked blunting of cardiovascular pressor responsiveness to norepinephrine, as judged from the pressor dose (from 73 +/- 9 to 2156 +/- 496 ng/kg/min; p less than 0.02) and from the rightward shift (p less than 0.01) of the plasma concentration-blood pressure response curve; and a slight increase in plasma norepinephrine concentration (from 37.7 +/- 3.3 to 52.2 +/- 7.8 ng/dl; p less than 0.01). Heart rate, body weight, exchangeable sodium, blood volume, and norepinephrine plasma clearance; plasma epinephrine, renin, angiotensin II, and aldosterone levels; the relationships between angiotensin II-induced increases in arterial pressure or plasma aldosterone and the concomitant increments of plasma angiotensin II; and heart rate responsiveness to isoproterenol did not change significantly after terazosin treatment. These findings suggest that the fall of arterial pressure induced by selective alpha 1-adrenergic blockade in subjects with essential hypertension is associated with, and probably explained by, inhibition of alpha 1-mediated, noradrenergic-dependent vasoconstriction. alpha 1-Adrenergic receptor antagonism did not modify body sodium concentration, the adrenomedullary component of the sympathetic nervous system, angiotensin II levels, or beta-adrenergic dependent mechanisms.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association