Evidence for increased levels of a circulating ouabainlike factor in essential hypertension.
The effect of plasma from normotensive and hypertensive subjects on the binding of [3H]ouabain on human erythrocytes was investigated. The binding of [3H]ouabain on human erythrocytes was saturable and highly specific; linear Scatchard plots indicated the presence of a single type of binding site. Human plasma decreased the binding of [3H]ouabain on its receptor to a greater extent than could be accounted for by the plasma potassium concentration. The level of this circulating ouabainlike factor (or factors) was quantitated using a radioreceptor assay. Plasma from 22 hypertensive subjects (systolic blood pressure greater than 160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mm Hg) displayed higher levels than that from 24 normotensive subjects; furthermore there was a positive and significant correlation (r = 0.42, n = 46, p less than 0.004) between the ouabainlike content and the individual subject's systolic blood pressure. The receptor assay described is relatively simple and should be useful for further work on the nature and clinical importance of the endogenous ouabainlike factor.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association