Immunoreactive atrial natriuretic hormone levels increase in deoxycorticosterone acetate-treated pigs.
Extensive evidence reported here and elsewhere indicates a hormonal role for atrial natriuretic factor. In the light of this evidence, it appears that atrial natriuretic hormone is a more appropriate term for these peptides than atrial natriuretic factor. Plasma levels of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic hormone were measured daily in seven pigs before and 1 week after subcutaneous implantation of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA). Nine other animals underwent daily measurements of mean arterial pressure and central venous pressure during similar treatments. Plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic hormone levels rose progressively during the first 3 days after implantation, from a basal level of 60 +/- 9 pmol/L to a peak level of 159 +/- 21 pmol/L (p less than 0.05), and they remained significantly elevated throughout the rest of the 7-day observation period. In two animals that were restudied 6 weeks after DOCA implantation, plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic hormone had returned to preimplantation levels. The rise in plasma hormone levels after DOCA implantation closely paralleled the previously reported time course of mineralocorticoid escape. Whether atrial natriuretic hormone plays an important part in the escape phenomenon remains to be determined.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association