Study of the antigenic determinants of human renin.
The primary structure of human renin, recently established from the complementary DNA sequence of its messenger RNA, shows a strong homology to other aspartyl proteases. This homology has permitted the construction of a model of the three-dimensional structure of renin based on the crystallographically determined structures of three aspartyl proteases: penicillopepsin, endothiapepsin, and rhizopuspepsin. Using an algorithm in which a spherical probe approximating the size of the antibody-binding domain (1-nm radius) was allowed to contact the surface of the renin model, we predicted 12 to 15 peptides to be immunogenic epitopes. We synthesized peptides corresponding to three different regions of the model: Cys-Gly-Ser-Asp-Pro-Gln-His-Tyr-Glu-Gly-amide (C-180-188), Tyr-Leu-Leu-Cys-Glu-Asp-Gly-Cys-Leu-Ala-Leu-amide (Y-215-224; disulfide bond between cysteines) and Tyr-Gly-Ser-Ser-Thr-Leu-Leu-Cys-Glu-Asp-Gly-Cys-Leu-Ala-Leu-amide (Y-211-224; disulfide bond between cysteines), and Cys-Tyr-Ser-Ser-Lys-Lys-Leu-Cys-Gly (C-290-296-G; disulfide bond between cysteines). All four peptides were tested for their binding to 11 polyclonal and 7 monoclonal antibodies raised against pure human renin, in both a solution assay and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Peptides Y-215-224 and Y-211-224 bound to all 11 polyclonal antibodies in the solution assay, and peptide Y211-224 bound to eight of them in the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Therefore, region 211-224 can be identified as a major epitope of the human renin molecule.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association