Biochemical similarity of expressed human prorenin and native inactive renin.
Prorenin is secreted by mammalian cells transfected with a human preprorenin expression construct. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the physicochemical properties of expressed prorenin in culture medium with the known characteristics of human inactive renin, which accounts for nearly half the renin in plasma and kidney. We found that expressed human prorenin strongly resembles human renal and plasma inactive renin. The expressed prorenin was inactive and could be equally activated by acid (dialysis to pH 3.3) or trypsin. Acid activation was completely reversible; reexposure to acid could reactivate the expressed inactive renin. Exposure to cold (-5 degrees C for 3 days) could also activate expressed renin. The Michaelis-Menten constant of acid-activated expressed renin with sheep substrate was 0.29 microM, and the pH optimum was 7.8. Expressed inactive renin bound to a cibacron-blue affinity column and could be eluted with 0.5M NaCl. All the above characteristics resemble those of human renal and plasma inactive renin. In addition, the molecular weight of expressed prorenin and human chorionic renin was 47,000, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and 46,000, as measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. These data, taken together with the published observation that native human inactive renin cross-reacts with antibodies generated against amino acid sequences in the prosegment of renin, provide strong support for the hypothesis that human inactive renin is prorenin.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association