Alterations in the plasma membrane properties of the myocardium of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were used to investigate the adaptive biochemical changes in the myocardium in response to chronic afterload. Ouabain-inhibited Na+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity was decreased by 40% in myocardium of SHR compared with that from WKY, which may lead to increased intracellular Ca2+ through Na+-Ca2+ exchange. Similarly, alpha 1-adrenergic receptor density, estimated by [3H]prazosin binding, was decreased by 42% in myocardial membranes of SHR, while the affinity for the agonist and the antagonist was not altered. In contrast, the number of Ca2+ channels estimated by [3H]nitrendipine binding was increased by 45% in myocardial membranes of SHR, while the affinity was comparable between SHR and WKY. These differences between WKY and SHR in the membrane properties were not due to differential contamination of plasma membranes because the activities of other putative plasma membrane marker enzymes were comparable between WKY and SHR. There were no differences between WKY and SHR in the myosin ATPase activity estimated using myofibrils, actomyosin, and myosin. These results suggest that specific alterations have occurred in the plasma membrane properties of myocardium of SHR that result in altered intracellular Ca2+ metabolism. These alterations may have an important bearing on excitation-contraction coupling in myocardium of SHR.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association