Effects of long-term treatment with indomethacin on renal function.
The prolonged effects (42 days) of indomethacin treatment on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis, renal hemodynamics, and renal excretory function in humans were studied. Indomethacin produced a 41% sustained depression in the 24-hour excretion of prostaglandin E2 and a mild (7%) decrease in inulin clearance but did not affect the clearance of p-aminohippurate, the 24-hour excretion of sodium and potassium, or the basal values of plasma aldosterone; however, it decreased the basal values of renin and prevented the stimulated (3 hours of walking) responses of plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone. Indomethacin also produced a decrease in both the diuretic and saluretic response to furosemide and in the renal ability to concentrate urine. The indomethacin-induced hyporeninism and hypoaldosteronism were more pronounced when the subjects were receiving a sodium-restricted diet. This finding indicates that prolonged administration of anti-inflammatory drugs induces chronic hyporeninism and hypoaldosteronism. Prolonged treatment with indomethacin also produced some of the symptoms of a syndrome of hypoprostaglandinism, such as decreased plasma renin activity, plasma aldosterone, and urinary prostaglandin E2 in association with increases in plasma potassium levels and diastolic pressure.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association