Hemodynamic effects of platelet activating factor in the dog kidney in vivo.
The effect of platelet activating factor (PAF) on renal hemodynamics and function was examined in anesthetized dogs. The infusion of PAF into the renal artery at 5, 10, and 20 ng X min-1 X kg-1 body weight resulted in dose-dependent reductions in renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, urine volume, and urinary sodium excretion, whereas the infusion of vehicle alone in the contralateral kidney did not result in significant changes in these parameters. The maximum decrease expressed as the percent change from baseline was 22.2 +/- 1.7% for renal blood flow, 50.8 +/- 11% for glomerular filtration rate, 67.3 +/- 4.2% for urine volume, and 69.0 +/- 8.5% for urinary sodium excretion, respectively. These renal effects were not accompanied by significant alterations in systemic arterial blood pressure and heart rate. Pretreatment with indomethacin to block prostaglandin synthesis enhanced the effect of PAF on kidney function. Our data demonstrate that, unlike the rat kidney, intrarenal PAF infusion into the intact dog results in vasoconstriction and serve reduction in glomerular filtration rate.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association