Atrial natriuretic factor and cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate in vascular smooth muscle.
To elucidate the molecular mechanism of the vascular action of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), we investigated the effects of synthetic ANF and sodium nitroprusside on the levels of intracellular cyclic nucleotides and prostacyclin (measured as its stable metabolite 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha) in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells from rat mesenteric artery and, in some experiments, from rat renal artery. Both ANF and sodium nitroprusside increased intracellular cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) levels in a dose-dependent manner but did not affect cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate levels or 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha synthesis. The stimulatory effect of ANF and sodium nitroprusside on cGMP levels were additive. Neither the deprivation of extracellular Ca2+ nor calcium entry blockers affected ANF-stimulated cGMP levels. Preincubation of ANF or sodium nitroprusside with kallikrein attenuated only the effect of ANF on cGMP levels. The effect of kallikrein was abolished by serine protease inhibitors. In contrast, the oxidant methylene blue inhibited the effect of sodium nitroprusside on cGMP levels, but not that of ANF. The stimulatory effect of ANF on cGMP levels was greater in cells from renal artery than in those from mesenteric artery. These results in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells further support the hypothesis that cGMP mediates the vasorelaxant action of ANF.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association