Role of renal alpha 2-adrenergic receptors in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
To identify a physiological role for renal alpha 2 adrenergic receptors, renal vascular and tubular responses to administration of graded frequencies of renal nerve stimulation or graded doses of adrenergic agonists were determined in anesthetized spontaneously hypertensive, Wistar-Kyoto, and Sprague-Dawley rats. Renal vasoconstrictor responses to renal nerve stimulation and alpha 1-adrenergic receptor agonists (norepinephrine, phenylephrine) were inhibited by an alpha 1-adrenergic receptor antagonist (prazosin) but not by an alpha 2-adrenergic receptor antagonist (rauwolscine). A semilog plot of renal vasoconstrictor responses a fraction of control renal blood flow versus agonist dose (in nanograms) was linear with the slope, k, taken as the fractional decrease in renal blood flow per nanogram. The alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonists (clonidine, guanabenz) produced minimal renal vasoconstrictor responses (fractional decrease in renal blood flow per nanogram: norepinephrine, 0.011; phenylephrine, 0.003; clonidine, 0.00087; guanabenz, 0.000037). The small renal vasoconstrictor responses to clonidine and guanabenz were more inhibited by rauwolscine than by prazosin. Low frequency renal nerve stimulation produced antidiuresis and antinatriuresis without decreasing glomerular filtration rate or renal blood flow. The antidiuretic and antinatriuretic responses were inhibited by prazosin but unaffected by rauwolscine. The magnitude of the renal vascular and tubular responses and their adrenergic receptor mediation were not different between spontaneously hypertensive, Wistar-Kyoto, and Sprague-Dawley rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association