Increased basal and thrombin-induced free calcium in platelets of essential hypertensive patients.
Intracellular free calcium, [Ca2+]i, was studied in platelets of essential hypertensive subjects and normotensive controls under basal conditions and after stimulation with epinephrine, norepinephrine, angiotensin II, ouabain, and thrombin, using the fluorescent calcium indicator quin 2. Basal [Ca2+]i was significantly higher in hypertensive subjects (n = 32) than in normotensive controls (n = 30; 167.4 +/- 5.0 vs 143.2 +/- 3.1 nmol/L; p less than 0.001). Epinephrine, norepinephrine, angiotensin II, and ouabain had no effect on platelet calcium, whereas thrombin induced a dose-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i in both the presence and absence of extracellular calcium. This [Ca2+]i increase in the presence of extracellular calcium, which depends mainly on calcium influx, was significantly higher (p less than 0.05) in platelets of hypertensive subjects at all thrombin concentrations (ranging from 0.025-0.1 U/ml), while the [Ca2+]i increase in the absence of extracellular calcium, which depends only on release from intracellular stores, was similar in hypertensive subjects and controls. These results suggest that, in essential hypertension, there is not only increased platelet resting [Ca2+]i but also an increase in agonist-mediated calcium influx, which appears to indicate a cell membrane abnormality in the platelets of subjects with essential hypertension.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association