Vascular responsiveness to serotonin metabolites in mineralocorticoid hypertension.
This study characterizes vascular responsiveness to serotonin and its metabolites and to several monoamines that are structurally related to serotonin in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension. Mesenteric arteries from normotensive and hypertensive rats were excised and cut into helical strips for isometric force recording. Dose-response curves to serotonin in arteries from hypertensive rats were shifted significantly to the left compared with those in arteries from normotensive rats (ED25: DOCA-treated = 2.4 X 10(-8) M; control = 17.1 X 10(-8) M). Contractile responses to 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid and 5-hydroxytryptophol were greater in mesenteric arteries from hypertensive rats, whereas reactivity to 5-methoxytryptamine and melatonin in arteries from hypertensive rats did not differ from that in arteries from normotensive rats. Mesenteric arteries from both rat groups were unresponsive to the serotonin metabolite N-acetylserotonin. Contractile responses to 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine and 6-hydroxytryptamine were greater in mesenteric arteries from hypertensive rats, whereas responsiveness to 3-hydroxytryptamine in hypertensive arteries did not differ from normotensive values. Contractile responses to serotonin and its metabolites and to the structurally related monoamines were inhibited by the serotonergic antagonist ketanserin. These results demonstrate that vascular sensitivity to serotonin is increased in DOCA-hypertensive rats. Based on the experiments with serotonin metabolites and with other monoamines, the increased responsiveness to these compounds appears to be related to the structural location of hydroxyl and amine moieties.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association