Area postrema is critical for angiotensin-induced hypertension in rats.
The effect of surgical ablation of the area postrema on acute (5-10 minutes) and chronic (5-10 days) increases in mean arterial pressure produced by intravenous infusion of angiotensin II in conscious, instrumented rats was studied. In agreement with previous studies, pressor responses of area postrema-ablated rats (n = 11) to acute angiotensin II infusion were identical to those of control sham-lesioned rats (n = 13). In these same rats, however, a 5-day infusion of angiotensin II produced a sustained hypertension in the sham-lesioned group whereas mean arterial pressure was increased only transiently (1-3 days) in the area postrema-ablated rats. No differences before infusion of arterial pressure, heart rate, water intake, urinary sodium excretion, and urinary potassium excretion were observed between sham-lesioned and area postrema-ablated rats; only arterial pressure was changed significantly during angiotensin II infusion in either group. Twenty-four hours after terminating angiotensin II infusion, mean arterial pressure was within the normotensive range in both sham-lesioned and area postrema-ablated rats. In a separate group of sham-lesioned (n = 13) and area postrema-ablated (n = 12) rats, angiotensin II was infused intravenously for a 10-day period; mean arterial pressure was increased significantly over the entire 10-day infusion in sham-lesioned rats, but for only 1 day in area postrema-ablated rats. An intact area postrema appears necessary for the development of chronic, but not acute, hypertension during intravenous infusion of angiotensin II in the rat.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association