Analysis of the cardiovascular effects of arginine vasopressin in conscious dogs.
The effects of physiological elevations in arginine vasopressin on the cardiovascular system were studied in a group of nine conscious, chronically instrumented dogs. The animals were studied under normal conditions (plasma vasopressin, 4.1 +/- 0.4 pg/ml), after 24 hours of dehydration (plasma vasopressin, 7.3 +/- 1.5 pg/ml), after a 30-minute vasopressin infusion at 2.6 ng/kg/min (plasma vasopressin, 96.6 +/- 8.1 pg/ml). These increases in vasopressin concentration resulted in no change in arterial pressure and significant changes in the following: a 13 and 29% decrease in resting cardiac output during dehydration and acute infusion, respectively; a 26% reduction in heart rate during acute infusion; a 12 and 54% increase in total peripheral resistance during dehydration and acute infusion; a 16 and 22% reduction in mean circulatory filling pressure during dehydration and chronic vasopressin infusion. In addition, maximum pumping ability of the heart was reduced 16 and 31% during dehydration and acute infusion, respectively. These data suggest that elevations of vasopressin such as those occurring during dehydration or volume depletion potentially may affect cardiovascular performance by three mechanisms: greatly increasing resistance to flow, reducing heart rate, suppressing the pumping ability of the heart.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association