Vertex-corrected blood pressure in black girls. Relation to obesity, glucose, and cations.
Correlates of resting blood pressure (BP) were explored among 32 inner-city, black girls, ages 11.7 to 13.9 years, a sample drawn from the second and fourth quartiles of the BP distribution in an earlier school survey. Customary BP measurements in the seated position were corrected for the height of the arterial column extending from the BP cuff to the top (vertex) of each girl's head. This vertex correction procedure has previously been shown to eliminate the childhood association between mean arterial pressure and age. Vertex-corrected systolic BP was correlated individually (p less than 0.03) with serum fasting glucose, ionized calcium, sodium, and calculated osmolality. The BP association with serum glucose did not persist after an oral sucrose challenge. Vertex-corrected diastolic BP was correlated individually (p less than 0.02) with serum ionized calcium and four indices of obesity, the best correlated of which was the subscapular skinfold (r = 0.66, p = 0.0001). Vertex-corrected BPs generally provided stronger correlations than customary (uncorrected) BPs with the variables of interest. Correlations with seated BPs were generally stronger than those with supine BPs. By multiple regression analysis, seated vertex-corrected systolic BP was related directly to serum fasting glucose and ionized calcium and inversely to pulse rate (R2 = 0.53). Seated vertex-corrected diastolic BP was related directly to subscapular skinfold and calculated osmolality (R2 = 0.54). Vertex correction may facilitate clinical or epidemiological studies of early hypertension.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association