Plasma norepinephrine and age as determinants of systemic hemodynamics in men with established essential hypertension.
Two primary predictor variables, age and supine plasma norepinephrine, were studied with respect to their influences on supine hemodynamic variables in 52 white men with essential hypertension who were 23 to 67 years of age and had been off active therapy for at least 4 weeks. Plasma norepinephrine was related to age (r = 0.39, p less than 0.01), correlated closely with mean arterial pressure (MAP; r = 0.54, p less than 0.0002) and systemic vascular resistance (r = 0.49, p less than 0.0005), and was related inversely to cardiac output (r = -0.26, p less than 0.06) and stroke volume (r = -0.31, p less than 0.05). Age correlated weakly with MAP (r = 0.31, p less than 0.05) and more strongly with systemic vascular resistance (r = 0.46, p less than 0.005) but was negatively related to cardiac output (r = -0.41, p less than 0.005) and heart rate (r = -0.33, p less than 0.05). Weight did not correlate with any of the hemodynamic variables. Partial regression techniques yielded significant residual correlations between age-adjusted plasma norepinephrine and MAP (r = 0.42, p less than 0.005) or systemic vascular resistance (r = 0.38, p less than 0.005). Residual correlations with cardiac output (r = -0.34, p less than 0.05), heart rate (r = -0.36, p less than 0.02), and systemic vascular resistance (r = 0.33, p less than 0.05) remained after adjusting age for the corresponding plasma norepinephrine values. These correlations demonstrate the independent effects of sympathetic nervous activity and the aging process on the systemic vasoconstriction and decreased cardiac function observed in essential hypertension.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association