Cytochemically assayable Na+,K+-ATPase inhibition by Milan hypertensive rat plasma.
The ability of plasma from 3- and 9-week-old Milan hypertensive rats and their normotensive controls to inhibit Na+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) was studied using cytochemical bioassay techniques in fresh tissue. With a validated cytochemical bioassay that measures the capacity of biological samples to stimulate glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in guinea pig proximal tubules as an indication of their capacity to inhibit Na+,K+-ATPase, the mean glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-stimulating ability of the plasma of the 9-week-old Milan hypertensive rats and their normotensive controls was 586.0 +/- 88 and 23.4 +/- 8.3 U/ml (n = 7; p less than 0.001), while that of the 3-week-old Milan hypertensive rats (before the main rise in arterial pressure) and their normotensive controls was 99.9 +/- 27.4 and 7.8 +/- 1.8 U/ml (n = 7; p less than 0.001). With the use of a semiquantitative cytochemical assay that measures Na+,K+-ATPase activity directly, plasma from the adult hypertensive rats had a much greater capacity to inhibit Na+,K+-ATPase than the plasma of the control rats. The significantly raised levels found in the young hypertensive rats before the main rise in arterial pressure are consistent with the hypothesis that the rise in the ability of plasma to inhibit Na+,K+-ATPase is due to an inherited renal difficulty in excreting sodium.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association