Effects of atrial natriuretic factor on hormone-induced renin release.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not atrial natriuretic factor can act directly on the juxtaglomerular cell in vivo to inhibit hormone-induced renin release. To achieve this objective the interaction between synthetic atrial natriuretic factor and two different renin secretagogues was examined. To exclude any indirect effect of atrial natriuretic factor on renin release due to changes in sodium delivery to the macula densa, all studies were conducted in nonfiltering, canine kidneys. In one series of studies renin release was stimulated by intrarenal infusions of norepinephrine (3 micrograms/kg/min), and in a second series of studies renin release was induced by intrarenal infusions of prostacyclin (0.1 micrograms/kg/min). In both studies intrarenal infusions of atrial natriuretic factor (0.3 micrograms/kg/min), which provided supraphysiological levels of atrial natriuretic factor in the renal arterial plasma, failed to attenuate hormone-induced renin release. In contrast, adenosine, a well-known inhibitor of renin release, abolished the renin release response to both hormones. These data indicate that, at the dose used in this study, synthetic atrial natriuretic factor does not act directly on the juxtaglomerular cell to attenuate hormone-induced renin release. Further, these results imply that circulating endogenous atrial natriuretic factor cannot directly attenuate juxtaglomerular cell responsiveness.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association