Effects of high potassium or low sodium diet on vascular Na+,K+-ATPase activity and blood pressure in young spontaneously hypertensive rats.
These studies were designed to investigate whether the antihypertensive effects of high potassium or low sodium diets are related to changes in vascular Na+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity. Vascular Na+,K+-ATPase was measured as ouabain-sensitive rubidium uptake in aorta incubated in buffer or plasma from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) fed either a high potassium, a low sodium, or a normal diet for 2 weeks. The high potassium diet significantly increased Na+,K+-ATPase activity, whereas the low sodium diet significantly decreased activity. There was no evidence of a ouabainlike factor in plasma. The increased pump activity on the high potassium diet appeared to be due to an increase in maximum activity (Vmax) of the enzyme, rather than to an increased affinity for potassium. Potentially, an increase in Na+,K+-ATPase activity could contribute to the antihypertensive effect of potassium by hyperpolarizing the cell membrane. The decrease in vascular Na+,K+-ATPase activity on a low sodium diet probably is unrelated to its depressor effect, but it may be a homeostatic mechanism for maintaining sodium balance in the animal.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association