Overall hemodynamic pattern in coarctation of the abdominal aorta in conscious rats.
This study was designed to examine the total body hemodynamics of abdominal aortic coarctation hypertension. The study quantitates both regional and organ blood flow and resistance in conscious rats both above and below an experimentally produced coarctation. The experimental group consisted of 10 male Sprague-Dawley rats with a mean pressure gradient of 68 mm Hg across the coarctation. This experimental group was compared with a group of eight control rats with no pressure gradient. Flow measurements were made with radioactively labeled microspheres 4 weeks after aortic constriction. This aortic coarctation produced an increase in cardiac index (22%) and total peripheral resistance (19%). Blood flow through tissues proximal to the coarctation was not different from control; vascular resistance was increased (31%). Flow through the tissues distal to the coarctation was increased (16%); vascular resistance was decreased (-22%). The upper carcass, diaphragm, and brain were the tissues most representative of flow above the coarctation, and the lower carcass and large intestine were the tissues most representative of flow below the coarctation. Coarctation of the aorta produced cardiac hypertrophy and increased microsphere shunting to the lungs.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association