Captopril and nifedipine in combination for moderate to severe essential hypertension.
The effects of the addition of a calcium entry antagonist, nifedipine (20-mg tablet twice a day), to an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril (25 mg three times a day), and the addition of captopril to nifedipine were observed in two separate studies in patients with essential hypertension. After 4 weeks of captopril therapy alone, mean arterial pressure fell by 12 mm Hg, and with the addition of nifedipine to captopril for a further month, blood pressure fell by an additional 10 mm Hg. In a separate group of patients treated with the same doses, mean arterial pressure fell by 17 mm Hg with nifedipine treatment alone; when captopril was added to the nifedipine therapy for an additional month, mean arterial pressure fell by a further 11 mm Hg. These blood pressures were measured 2 hours after the last dose; however, there was less of a fall in blood pressure when it was measured 12 hours after the last dose. This study confirms that captopril and nifedipine have a marked additive effect on blood pressure in whichever order they are given, but it shows that the combination is relatively short-acting.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association