Decreased cGMP Level Contributes to Increased Contraction in Arteries From Hypertensive Rats
Role of Phosphodiesterase 1
Recent evidence suggests that angiotensin II (Ang II) upregulates phosphodiesterase (PDE) 1A expression. We hypothesized that Ang II augmented PDE1 activation, decreasing the bioavailability of cyclic guanosine 3′ 5′-monophosphate (cGMP), and contributing to increased vascular contractility. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received mini-osmotic pumps with Ang II (60 ng·min−1) or saline for 14 days. Phenylephrine (PE)-induced contractions were increased in aorta (Emax168%±8% vs 136%±4%) and small mesenteric arteries (SMA; Emax170%±6% vs 143%±3%) from Ang II-infused rats compared to control. PDE1 inhibition with vinpocetine (10 μ mol/L) reduced PE-induced contraction in aortas from Ang II rats (Emax94%±12%) but not in controls (154%±7%). Vinpocetine decreased the sensitivity to PE in SMA from Ang II rats compared to vehicle (−log of half maximal effective concentration 5.1±0.1 vs 5.9±0.06), but not in controls (6.0±0.03 vs 6.1±0.04). Sildenafil (10 μ mol/L), a PDE5 inhibitor, reduced PE-induced maximal contraction similarly in Ang II and control rats. Arteries were contracted with PE (1 μ mol/L), and concentration-dependent relaxation to vinpocetine and sildenafil was evaluated. Aortas from Ang II rats displayed increased relaxation to vinpocetine compared to control (Emax82%±12% vs 445±5%). SMA from Ang II rats showed greater sensitivity during vinpocetine-induced relaxation compared to control (−log of half maximal effective concentration 6.1±0.3 vs 5.3±0.1). No differences in sildenafil-induced relaxation were observed. PDE1A and PDE1C expressions in aorta and PDE1A expression in SMA were increased in Ang II rats. cGMP production, which is decreased in arteries from Ang II rats, was restored after PDE1 blockade. We conclude that PDE1 activation reduces cGMP bioavailability in arteries from Ang II, contributing to increased contractile responsiveness.
- Received October 11, 2010.
- Revision received November 9, 2010.
- Accepted December 28, 2010.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.