Soluble Form of the (Pro)Renin Receptor Is Augmented in the Collecting Duct and Urine of Chronic Angiotensin II– Dependent Hypertensive Rats
Renin synthesis and secretion by principal cells of the collecting duct are enhanced in angiotensin (Ang) II–dependent hypertension. The presence of renin/(pro)renin and its receptor, the (pro)renin receptor ([P]RR), in the collecting duct may provide a pathway for Ang I generation with further conversion to Ang II. To assess whether (P)RR activation occurs during Ang II–dependent hypertension, we examined renal (P)RR levels and soluble (P)RR excretion in the urine of chronic Ang II–infused rats (80 ng/min; for 2 weeks; n=10) and sham-operated rats (n=10). Systolic blood pressure and Ang II levels in the plasma and kidney were increased whereas plasma renin activity was suppressed in Ang II–infused rats. Renal (P)RR transcripts were upregulated in the cortex and medulla of Ang II–infused rats. (P)RR immunoreactivity in collecting duct cells and the protein levels of the full-length form (37-kDa band) were significantly decreased in the medulla of Ang II–infused rats. The soluble (P)RR (28-kDa band) was detected in the renal medulla and urine samples of Ang II–infused rats, which also showed increases in urinary renin content. To determine whether the soluble (P)RR could stimulate Ang I formation, urine samples were incubated with recombinant human (pro)renin. Urine samples of Ang II–infused rats exhibited increased Ang I formation compared with sham-operated rats. Thus, in chronic Ang II–infused rats, the catalytic activity of the augmented renin produced in the collecting duct may be enhanced by the intraluminal soluble (P)RR and cell-surface located (P)RR, thus contributing to enhanced intratubular Ang II formation.
- Ang II–dependent hypertension
- intrarenal renin-angiotensin system
- intratubular RAS
- collecting duct renin
- Received December 3, 2010.
- Revision received January 3, 2011.
- Accepted January 12, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.