Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Terminates Long-Lasting Vasopressor Responses to Endothelin 1 In Vivo
Slow dissociation of endothelin 1 from its endothelin A receptors is responsible for the long-lasting vasoconstrictor effects of the peptide. We showed recently that calcitonin gene-related peptide selectively terminates long-lasting contractile responses to endothelin 1 in isolated rat mesenteric arteries. Here we assessed whether the antiendothelinergic effect of calcitonin gene-related peptide is vascular bed specific and may terminate long-lasting pressor responses to exogenous and locally produced endothelin 1 in vivo. Regional heterogeneity of the calcitonin gene-related peptide/endothelin A receptor cross-talk was explored in arteries isolated from various rat organs. Endothelin A receptor-mediated arterial contractions were terminated by calcitonin gene-related peptide in rat mesenteric, renal, and spermatic arteries but not in basilar, coronary, epigastric, gastric, splenic, and saphenous arteries. Endothelin A receptor antagonism only ended endothelin 1–induced contractions in spermatic arteries. In anesthetized rats, instrumented with Doppler flow probes to record regional blood flows, long-lasting pressor and vasoconstrictor responses to an intravenous bolus injection of endothelin 1 or big endothelin 1 were transiently reduced by sodium nitroprusside (NO donor) but terminated by intravenously administered calcitonin gene-related peptide. In conscious rats, calcitonin gene-related peptide but not sodium nitroprusside terminated prolonged (>60-minute) pressor responses to endothelin 1 but not those to intravenous infusion of phenylephrine. In conclusion, pressor responses to circulating and locally produced endothelin 1 that are resistant to endothelin receptor antagonism and NO can be terminated by a regionally selective effect of calcitonin gene-related peptide. Calcitonin gene related peptide receptor agonism may represent a novel strategy to treat endothelin 1–associated cardiovascular pathologies.
- Received January 3, 2011.
- Revision received January 23, 2011.
- Accepted May 4, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.