Stem Cell Antigen 1 Protects Against Cardiac Hypertrophy and Fibrosis After Pressure Overload
Stem cell antigen (Sca) 1, a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-anchored protein localized to lipid rafts, is upregulated in the heart during myocardial infarction and renovascular hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy. It has been suggested that Sca-1 plays an important role in myocardial infarction. To investigate the role of Sca-1 in cardiac hypertrophy, we performed aortic banding in Sca-1 cardiac-specific transgenic mice, Sca-1 knockout mice, and their wild-type littermates. Cardiac hypertrophy was evaluated by echocardiographic, hemodynamic, pathological, and molecular analyses. Sca-1 expression was upregulated and detected in cardiomyocytes after aortic banding surgery in wild-type mice. Sca-1 transgenic mice exhibited significantly attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis and preserved cardiac function compared with wild-type mice after 4 weeks of aortic banding. Conversely, Sca-1 knockout dramatically worsened cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and dysfunction after pressure overload. Furthermore, aortic banding–induced activation of Src, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and Akt was blunted by Sca-1 overexpression and enhanced by Sca-1 deficiency. Our results suggest that Sca-1 protects against cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis via regulation of multiple pathways in cardiomyocytes.
- Received May 15, 2012.
- Revision received June 4, 2012.
- Accepted June 29, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.