Age-Related Difference in the Sleep Pressure-Lowering Effect Between an Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker and a Calcium Channel Blocker in Asian Hypertensives
The ACS1 Study
Sleep blood pressure (BP), which is partly determined by salt sensitivity and intake, is an important cardiovascular risk in hypertensives. However, there have been no studies on age-related differences in the sleep BP–lowering effect between angiotensin II receptor blockers and calcium channel blockers in Asians. Azilsartan Circadian and Sleep Pressure—the 1st Study was a multicenter, randomized, open-label, 2-parallel-group study conducted to compare the efficacy of 8-week oral treatment with an angiotensin II receptor blocker (azilsartan 20 mg) or a calcium channel blocker (amlodipine 5 mg) on sleep BP as evaluated by ambulatory BP monitoring. Among the overall population, amlodipine treatment achieved significantly greater reduction in sleep BP, awake BP, and 24-hour BP than azilsartan treatment. BP reduction by amlodipine was particularly pronounced in elderly hypertensive patients aged ≥60 years old. Among patients ≥60 years old, the amlodipine group had numerically, but not significantly, higher control rate of sleep BP compared with the azilsartan group. Similar results were found for awake BP and 24-hour BP. These results suggest a greater BP reduction/control by amlodipine compared with azilsartan and that reduction/control of BP by amlodipine was also more effective in the elderly population. As recommended in the American Society of Hypertension/The international Society of Hypertension and the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines for differentiating treatment according to age, amlodipine should be one of the options for starting treatment in the elderly population.
Clinical Trial URL—http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01762501
Clinical Trial ID—NCT01762501
- Received November 17, 2014.
- Revision received December 1, 2014.
- Accepted December 26, 2014.
- © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.