Salt Sensitivity in Response to Renal Injury Requires Renal Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme
Recent evidence indicates that salt-sensitive hypertension can result from a subclinical injury that impairs the kidneys’ capacity to properly respond to a high-salt diet. However, how this occurs is not well understood. Here, we showed that although previously salt-resistant wild-type mice became salt sensitive after the induction of renal injury with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride; mice lacking renal angiotensin-converting enzyme, exposed to the same insult, did not become hypertensive when faced with a sodium load. This is because the activity of renal angiotensin-converting enzyme plays a critical role in (1) augmenting the local pool of angiotensin II and (2) the establishment of the antinatriuretic state via modulation of glomerular filtration rate and sodium tubular transport. Thus, this study demonstrates that the presence of renal angiotensin-converting enzyme plays a pivotal role in the development of salt sensitivity in response to renal injury.
- Received February 16, 2015.
- Revision received March 1, 2013.
- Accepted June 15, 2015.
- © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.