Table 3. Variables Associated With Pulse Pressure and Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity

ParameterPulse PressureLog aPWV
Univariable ModelMultivariable Model*Univariable ModelMultivariable Model
β±SEPβ±SEPβ±SEPβ±SEP
The multivariable regression models for both pulse pressure and log aPWV were built by including all the listed variables in the model and performing backward elimination; only variables significant at P<0.01 were included in the final model in each case. Abbreviations as in Tables 1 and 2.
*Model R2=0.44;
†Model R2=0.48.
Age, y0.593±0.055<0.00010.408±0.052<0.00010.015±0.001<0.00010.013±0.001<0.0001
Male sex−2.387±1.1320.035−0.03±0.0260.26
BMI, kg/m20.414±0.1130.00030.007±0.0030.014
Height, cm−0.273±0.06<0.0001−0.161±0.0490.0009−0.004±0.0020.007
Total cholesterol, mg/dL0.002±0.0180.930.001±0.0010.71
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL0.001±0.0410.98−0.001±0.0010.46
Hypertension medication use11.07±1.382<0.00013.656±1.1310.0010.197±0.027<0.00010.073±0.0240.002
Statin use3.898±1.3880.0050.085±0.0270.002
Diabetes7.926±3.3560.0180.19±0.049<0.00010.074±0.0370.046
History of smoking2.059±1.0940.0592.077±0.8570.015−0.002±0.220.92
MAP, mm Hg0.632±0.05<0.00010.552±0.047<0.00010.009±0.001<0.00010.005±0.001<0.0001
Heart rate, bpm0.018±0.0660.79−0.159±0.050.0020.006±0.0020.00010.004±0.001<0.0001