Table 1.

Patient Characteristics

Patient CharacteristicsExercise (n=24; 2 Dropouts)Control (n=26; 1 Dropout)P Value
Female, n (%)13 (54.2)16 (61.5)0.40
Male, n (%)11 (45.8)10 (38.5)
Age, y62.8±8.1 (42–78)67.9±6.2 (43–76)0.02
White ethnicity, n (%)24 (100)26 (100)1.0
No. of antihypertensive drugs4 (3–6)4 (3–7)0.69
Body weight, kg85.7±17.184.0±14.10.74
Body mass index, kg/m228.9±4.429.9±4.70.45
Concomitant diseases, n (%)
    Diabetes mellitus4 (16.7)6 (23.1)0.39
    Hyperlipidemia15 (62.5)18 (61.5)0.50
    (Ex-) smoking7 (29.2)3 (11.5)0.18
    Family history of cardiovascular disease14 (58.3)14 (53.9)0.62
    Coronary heart disease0 (0.0)3 (11.5)0.12
  • Age, weight, and body mass index are presented as mean±SD and No. of antihypertensive drugs as median and range. Intergroup differences were tested by unpaired 2-tailed t tests (age, body mass index), Fisher exact test (sex, concomitant diseases), or Pearson χ2 test (No. of antihypertensive drugs).